Energy, Mines and Resources

Agriculture

Disease Monitoring

The Yukon Agriculture branch works with the federal government, other Yukon government departments and industry to monitor animal and plant diseases.



Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)

CWD is a progressive, fatal, degenerative disease of the brain affecting cervids (elk, mule deer, reindeer and white-tailed deer). It belongs to a group of related diseases called Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE's), which include Scrapie in sheep and goats, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) in humans. CWD is not the same as BSE.

TSE's are caused by abnormal proteins, called prions, which accumulate in the brain. There is currently no treatment or vaccine available. In order to determine if an animal is CWD free, testing must be done post-mortem. Learn more about preventing CWD in this fact sheet  544 KB.

To monitor CWD in Yukon cervids the Yukon government implemented a Mandatory Chronic Wasting Disease Surveillance Program  231 KB and a Voluntary Chronic Wasting Disease Certification Program  in 2003.

Testing from 2001-2009 shows that the Yukon has disease free herds.

Yukon CWD Voluntary Herd Certification Program (updated January 2013)

Farm

Status Level 

 Eldorado Game Ranch

 Certified

 

Farmed Elk CWD Testing

 Year

 CWD Tests

 Negative

 Total Animals

 % Tested

 2001

2

2

129

1.6%

 2002

17

17

191

8.9%

 2003

72

72

215

33.5%

 2004

26

26

141

18.4%

 2005

31

31

121

25.6%

 2006

21

21

101

20.8%

 2007

12

12

69

17.4%

 2008

8

8

64

12.5%

 2009

20

20

80

25%

2010

 16

 16

 70

 23%

2011

 9

 9

 56

 16%

Chronic Wasting Disease Links


Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA)

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) or swamp fever, is an incurable blood disease of horses (and other equids). It is spread by biting insects and contaminated equipment.

EIA is known to occur in Yukon and in other provinces where Yukon horses could be exposed to the virus. A Coggins test (from a blood sample) is the only way to know whether a horse is infected.

Learn more about EIA and its prevention, symptoms, and testing in this fact sheet  442 KB.



Disease Monitoring Contacts

 

Plant disease concerns
Yukon Agrologist 867.667.5838.

Animal disease concerns
Department of Environment, Animal Health Unit:
Dr. Mary Vanderkop, Chief Veterinary Officer 867.456.5582
Dr. Jane Harms, Program Veterinarian 867.667.8663

Call a local veterinarian:

  • Alpine Veterinary Medical Centre 867.633.5700
  • Copper Road Veterinary Clinic 867.633.5184
  • Dawson Veterinary Clinic 867.993.6792
  • Dr. Ken Kilpatrick 867.667.2510
  • All Paws Veterinary Clinic 867.667.7387

Premise identification and traceability

Jesse Walchuk, Agriculture Branch
Phone: 867.667.3043
Toll free (in Yukon): 1.800.661.0408 ext. 3043)
Email: jesse.walchuk@gov.yk.ca